Peer-Reviewed Research

Youth Opportunity leverages existing research to guide policy and practice.

Youth Opportunity leverages existing research to guide policy and practice. In some instances, research has not yet been conducted to address particular problems, treatment needs, or specific situations with specific populations of at-risk individuals. In those instances, Youth Opportunity designs research projects, may partner with universities/professors, obtains necessary IRB approval, conducts our own research, and publishes findings in peer-reviewed academic journals (where the reviewer is “blind” to who the author(s) are). This research has been instrumental to our innovation and leading to policies and practices addressing the specific needs of the clients we serve. Several of those publications are listed below, organized by topic.  

Risk Assessment/Changes in Risk & Needs Through Treatment

Ozkan, Turgut, Clipper, Stephen J., Piquero, Alex R., Baglivio, Michael T., & Wolff, Kevin T. (2019). Predicting sexual recidivism. Sexual Abuse, 1-25, doi: 10.1177/10790632.

Baglivio, Michael T., & Wolff, Kevin T. (2018). Predicting juvenile reentry success: Developing a global risk score and risk classification levels using the Residential Positive Achievement Change Tool. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice17(3), 241-268.

Baglivio, Michael. (2018). Considering Race and Gender in the Validity of Juvenile Justice Risk Assessment Research. Criminology & Public Policy, 17(3), 1-5.

Baglivio, Michael T., Wolff, Kevin T., Piquero, Alex R., DeLisi, Matt, & Vaughn, Michael G. (2017). The effects of changes in dynamic risk on reoffending among serious juvenile offenders returning from residential placement. Justice Quarterly, 35(3), 443-476.

Baglivio, Michael, T., Wolff, Kevin, T., Piquero, Alex, R., Howell, James, C., & Greenwald, Mark, A. (2017). Risk assessment trajectories of youth during juvenile justice residential placement: Examining risk, promotive, and “buffer” scores. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 44, 360-394.

Baglivio, Michael T., & Wolff, Kevin T. (2017). Prospective prediction of Homicide/Attempted Homicide among Early-Onset Juvenile Offenders. Accepted by International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health14, 197-210.

Hay, Carter, Widdowson, Alex O., Bates, Meg, Baglivio, Michael T., Jackowski, Katherine, & Greenwald, Mark A. (2016). Predicting recidivism among released juvenile offenders in Florida: An evaluation of the Residential Positive Achievement Change Tool. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice, 16(1), 97-116.

Baglivio, Michael, T., Wolff, Kevin, T., Jackowski, Katherine, & Greenwald, Mark, A. (2017). A multilevel examination of risk/need change scores, community context, and successful reentry of committed juvenile offenders. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice, 15, 38-61.

Baglivio, Michael, & Jackowski, Katherine. (2013). Examining the validity of a juvenile offending risk assessment instrument across gender and race/ethnicity. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice, 11(1), 26-43.

Baglivio, Michael. (2009). The assessment of risk to recidivate among a juvenile offending population. Journal of Criminal Justice, 37(6), 596-607.

Policies and Practices for Juvenile Justice Departments and Youth-Serving Agencies

Baglivio, Michael T., Wolff, Kevin T., Jackowski, Katherine, Chapman, Gabrielle, Greenwald, Mark A., and Gomez, Katherine. (2018). Does treatment quality matter? A multilevel examination of the effects of intervention quality on recidivism of adolescents completing long-term juvenile justice residential placement. Criminology & Public Policy, 17(1), 147-180.

Baglivio, Michael, Greenwald, Mark, & Russell, Mark. (2015). Assessing the implications of a structured decision-making tool for recidivism in a statewide analysis: A disposition matrix for court recommendations made by juvenile probation officers. Criminology and Public Policy, 14, 5-49.

Baglivio, Michael, Jackowski, Katherine, Greenwald, Mark, and Wolff, Kevin. (2014). Comparison of Multisystemic Therapy and Functional Family Therapy effectiveness: A multi-year statewide propensity score matching analysis of juvenile offenders. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 41, 1033-1056.

Baglivio, Michael, & Jackowski, Katherine. (2015). Evaluating the effectiveness of a victim impact intervention through examination of changes in dynamic risk scores. Criminal Justice Policy Review, 26, 7-28.

Olson, Darryl, & Baglivio, Michael. (2013). Creating a safe residential environment for juvenile offenders: The Florida experience. Corrections Today, Feb/March, 64-67.

Traumatic Exposure/Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs)

Craig, Jessica M., Zettler, Haley R., Wolff, Kevin T., & Baglivio, Michael T. (2019). Considering the indirect effects of drug and alcohol use, mental health, and their co-occurrence on the Adverse Childhood Experiences-recidivism relationship. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice, 17(3), 219-240.

Wolff, Kevin T., Baglivio, Michael T., Klein, Hannah, Piquero, Alex R., DeLisi, Matt, & Howell, James C. (2019). Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) and Gang Involvement among Juvenile Offenders: Assessing the Mediation Effects of Substance Use and Temperament Deficits. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice, doi:10.1177/1541204019854799

Wolff, Kevin T., Cuevas, Celina, Intravia, Jonathan, Baglivio, Michael T., & Epps, Nathan. (2018). The Effects of Neighborhood Context on Exposure to Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Among Adolescents Involved in the Juvenile Justice System: Latent Classes and Contextual Effects. Journal of Youth and Adolescence47, 2279-2300.

Craig, Jessica M., Intravia, Jonathan, Wolff, Kevin, T., & Baglivio, Michael, T. (2017). What can help? Examining levels of substance (non)use as a protective factor in the effects of ACEs on crime. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice17(1), 42-61.

DeLisi, Matt, Alcala, Justin, Kusow, Abdi, Hochstetler, Andy, Heirigs, Mark, Caudill, Jonathan, Trulson, Chad, & Baglivio, Michael. (2017). Adverse Childhood Experiences, commitment offense, and race/ethnicity: Are the effects crime-, race-, and ethnicity-specific? International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 14, 331-343.

Wolff, Kevin, T., Baglivio, Michael, T. (2016). Adverse Childhood Experiences, Negative Emotionality, and Pathways to Juvenile Recidivism. Crime & Delinquency, 63(12), 1495-1521.

Baglivio, Michael, T. Wolff, Kevin, T., Piquero, Alex R., Bilchik, Shay, Jackowski, Katherine, Greenwald, Mark, & Epps, Nathan. (2015). Maltreatment, child welfare, and recidivism in a sample of deep-end crossover youth. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 45, 625-654.

Wolff, Kevin, T., Baglivio, Michael, T., & Piquero, Alex, R. (2017). The relationship between Adverse Childhood Experiences and recidivism in a sample of juvenile offenders in community-based treatment. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 61(11), 1210-1242.

Zettler, Haley, Wolff, Kevin T., Baglivio, Michael T., Craig, Jessica M., & Epps, Nathan. (2016). The racial and gender differences in the impact of adverse childhood experiences on juvenile justice residential placement. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice16(3), 319-337.

Levenson, Jill S., Baglivio, Michael T., Wolff, Kevin T., Epps, Nathan, Royall, William, Gomez, Katherine C., & Kaplan, Dahlia. (2016). You learn what you live: Prevalence of childhood adversity in the lives of juveniles arrested for sexual offenses. Advances in Social Work, 18(1), 313-334.

Perez, Nicholas, M., Jennings, Wesley, G., Piquero, Alex, R., & Baglivio, Michael, T. (2016). Adverse Childhood Experiences and suicide attempts: The mediating influence of personality development and problem behaviors. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 45, 1527-1545.

Craig, Jessica, M., Baglivio, Michael, T., Wolff, Kevin, T., Piquero, Alex, R., & Epps, Nathan. (2017). Do social bonds buffer the impact of Adverse Childhood Experiences on re-offending? Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice, 15, 3-20.

Baglivio, Michael, T., Wolff, Kevin, T., Piquero, Alex, R., & Epps, Nathan. (2015) The relationship between Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) and juvenile offending trajectories in a juvenile offender sample. Journal of Criminal Justice, 43, 229-241.

Baglivio, Michael, Wolff, Kevin, Epps, Nathan, & Nelson, Randy (2017). Predicting Adverse Childhood Experiences: The importance of neighborhood context in youth trauma among delinquent youth. Crime and Delinquency, 63(2), 166-188.

Baglivio, Michael, Epps, Nathan, Swartz, Kimberly, Sayedul Huq, Mona, Sheer, Amy, & Hardt, Nancy. (2014). The prevalence of Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) in the lives of juvenile offenders. Journal of Juvenile Justice. 3(2), 1-23.

Baglivio, Michael, & Epps, Nathan. (2015). The Interrelatedness of Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) among Juveniles with Criminal Offending Histories. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice, 14, 179-198.

Sex and Labor Human Trafficking

Reid, Joan, Baglivio, Michael T., Piquero, Alex R., Greenwald, Mark A., & Epps, Nathan. (2018). No youth left behind to human trafficking: Exploring profiles of risk. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, doi.org/10.1037/0rt0000362.

Reid, Joan A., Baglivio, Michael T, Piquero, Alex R., Greenwald, Mark A., & Epps, Nathan. (2016). Human trafficking of minors and childhood adversity in Florida. American Journal of Public Health, 107(2), 306-311.

Re-Offending, Criminal “Careers”, & Serious, Violent, Chronic (SVC) Offending

Baglivio, Michael, Wolff, Kevin T., Howell, James C., Jackowski, Katherine, & Greenwald, Mark A. (2018). The Search for the Holy Grail: Criminogenic Needs Matching, Intervention Dosage, and Subsequent Recidivism among Serious Juvenile Offenders in Residential Placement. Journal of Criminal Justice, 55, 46-57.

Cuevas, Celina, Wolff, Kevin T., & Baglivio, Michael, T. (2019). Dynamic risk factors and timing of recidivism for youth in residential placement. Journal of Criminal Justice, 60, 154-166.

Wolff, Kevin, T., Baglivio, Michael, T., Vaughn, Michael, G., DeLisi, M., & Piquero, Alex, R. (2017). For males only? The search for serious, violent, and chronic female juvenile offenders. Journal of Developmental and Life-Course Criminology, 3, 168-195.

Baglivio, Michael, T., Wolff, Kevin T., Piquero, Alex R., DeLisi, Matt, & Vaughn, Michael V. (2017). Multiple pathways to juvenile recidivism: Examining parental drug and mental health problems, and markers of neuropsychological deficits among serious juvenile offenders. Criminal Justice and Behavior,44(8), 1009-1029.

Baglivio, Michael T., & Wolff, Kevin T. (2017). Prospective prediction of Homicide/Attempted Homicide among Early-Onset Juvenile Offenders. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 14, 197-210.

Baglivio, Michael T., & Wolff, Kevin T. (2016). Distinguishing homicide, violent sexual, and violent juvenile offending. Journal of Criminal Psychology, 7(2),81-92.

Perez, Nicholas M., Jennings, Wesley, G., & Baglivio, Michael T. (2017). A path to serious, violent, chronic delinquency: The harmful aftermath of Adverse Childhood Experiences. Crime & Delinquency, 64(1), 3-25.

Baglivio, Michael T., Wolff, Kevin T., Piquero, Alex R., Greenwald, Mark A., & Epps, Nathan. (2017). Racial/ethnic disproportionality in psychiatric diagnoses and treatment in a sample of serious juvenile offenders. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 46, 1424-1451.

Intravia, Jonathan, Pelletier, Emily, Wolff, Kevin, T., & Baglivio, Michael, T. (2017). Community disadvantage, prosocial bonds, and juvenile reoffending: A multilevel mediation analysis. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice, 15(3), 240-263.

Fox, Bryanna Hahn, Perez, Nicholas, Cass, Elizabeth, Baglivio, Michael, & Epps, Nathan. (2015). Trauma changes everything: Examining the relationship between adverse childhood experiences and serious, violent, and chronic juvenile offenders. Child Abuse and Neglect, 46, 163-173.

Baglivio, Michael, Jackowski, Katherine, Greenwald, Mark, & Howell, James. (2014). Serious, violent, and chronic juvenile offenders: A statewide analysis of prevalence and prediction of subsequent recidivism using risk and protective factors. Criminology and Public Policy, 13, 83-116.

Criminological & Psychological Theoretical Underpinnings

Fine, Adam, Baglivio, Michael T., Cauffman, Elizabeth, Wolff, Kevin T., & Piquero, Alex R. (2018). Does the effect of self-regulation on adolescent recidivism vary by youths’ attitudes? Criminal Justice and Behavior, 45(2), 214-233.

Fine, Adam, Wolff, Kevin T., Baglivio, Michael T., Piquero, Alex R., Frick, Paul J., Steinberg, Laurence, & Cauffman, Elizabeth (2018). Does the effect of justice system attitudes on adolescent crime vary based on psychosocial maturity? Child Development, 89(6), e468-e479.

Baglivio, Michael, T., Wolff, Kevin, T., Piquero, Alex, R., DeLisi, Matt, & Vaughn, Michael, G. (2016). Effortful control, negative emotionality and juvenile recidivism: An empirical test of DeLisi and Vaughn’s Temperament-based theory of antisocial behavior. Journal of Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology, 27(3), 376-403.

Cuevas, Celina, Wolff, Kevin T., & Baglivio, Michael T. (2017). Self-efficacy, aspirations, and residential placement outcomes: Why belief in a prosocial self matters. Journal of Criminal Justice, 52, 1-11.

Craig, Jessica M., Wilson, Angie D., Baglivio, Michael T., Wolff, Kevin T., Piquero, Alex R., & Epps, Nathan. (2017). Why They Did It: Sex differences in the impact of mental health and substance use on motivations for offending. Crime and Delinquency64(6), 723-757.

Schoepfer, Andrea, Baglivio, Michael, & Schwartz, Joseph A. (2017). Juvenile hybrid white-collar delinquency: An examination of various frauds. Criminology, Criminal Justice, Law & Society, 18(2).

Baglivio, Michael T., Wolff, Kevin, T., DeLisi, Matt, Vaughn, Michael, G., & Piquero, Alex, R. (2016). Prevalence, correlates, and co-occurrence of animal cruelty and fire setting among juvenile offenders. Criminal Behavior and Mental Health, 27(5), 484-500.

Wolff, Kevin, T., Baglivio, Michael, T., Intravia, Jonathan, Greenwald, Mark, & Epps, Nathan. (2017). The mobility of youth in the juvenile justice system: Implications for recidivism. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 46, 1371-1393.

Wolff, Kevin T., Baglivio, Michael, T., Vaughn, M. G., DeLisi, M., & Piquero, A. R. (2016). The triple crown of antisocial behavior: Effortful control, negative emotionality and community disadvantage. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice, 14(4), 350-366.

Wolff, Kevin, T., Baglivio, Michael, T., Intravia, Jonathan, Piquero, Alex, R. (2015). The protective impact of immigrant concentration on juvenile recidivism: A statewide analysis of youth offenders. Journal of Criminal Justice, 43, 522-531.